Albano cemetery - also known as Cholera cemetery
INTRODUCTION

At the beginning of the 19th century there was a quick demographic increase and a city expansion that caused well soon the requirement of a new cemetery.The new council cemetery was built therefore along the street Appia Antica (precisely Via della Stella, 5), outside the residential area of Albano near to St. Maria della Stella church.
The cemetery construction was providential, because 4 years later, the first Asian Cholera case was noticed in Albano.

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2001.JPG

Cemetery plaque

"The cholera got depressed on States Pontifical with an extreme violence. Its action, favored by an elevated temperature, was deadly and fulminating." ( Unknown Papal State military "Il cimitero storico di Albano" Pino Chiarucci, 2004, p.16 ).

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2002.JPG

External view of the cemetery

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2003.JPG

Frontal view of the cemetery

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2004.JPG

ANNO M DCCC XXXIII

QVIETI DEFVNCTORIUM IN PACE

CONDITORIVM

AERE CIVIUM COLLATITIO

AB INCHOATO EXTRYCTVM DEDICATVM

CVRANTE IOANNE FRANCISCO FALZACAPPIA

CARD EPISCOPO ALBANEN.

INCOLAE EXTERIQUE

BEATITATEM AETERNAM IISDEM APPROPERATE

PAR OFFICIVM

SERIVS OCIVS RECEPTVRI

Thanks to the commemorative plaque we find out that the cemetery was built with public administration funds to which 200 shields were added offered by the pope Gregorio XVI.

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2005.JPG
Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2006.JPG

Internal view of the cemetery

HISTORY

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2007.JPG

On 5th August 1837, it was recorded in Albano the first case of Asian cholera that had already bursted in Rome. 170 victims in Albano died to the disease who were buried in the just built cemetery.
In 1867 the cemetery welcomed numerous victims of the violent cholera brought by one of the so many pilgrims entertained to Albano on the occasion of the solemn celebrations for the eighteenth centennial of the death of the saints Peter and Paul. The Asian disease reaped 243 victims in about 2 weeks.
The majority of the Cholera victims was buried in hurry in the wells, where as only four of them had the honor of an epitaph and an individual burial: the queen of Austria and his child Gennaro and the Dutch Zouaves.

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2008.JPG
Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2009.JPG

MARIAE THERESIAE ARCHIDUCIS AUSTRIACAE

FERDINANDI II UTRIUSQUE SICILIAE REGIS VIDUAE

EJUSQUE FILII PRINCIPIS JANUARII BORBONI

JUSSU FRANCISCI II UTRIUSQUE SICILIAE REGIS

RAINERUS BORBONIUS CASTRI DUX

IN NEAPOLITANAM BASILICAM SANCTAE CLARAE

CINERES TRANSFERENDOS CURAVIT

A(nno)D(omini) MCMLXII

The queen Maria Theresa of Austria was in Albano when the Cholera bursted and she decided to remain here to assist the young son, Count of Caltagirone, but the disease didn't delay to damage her therefore, victim of the maternal love, she died.

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2010.JPG

ALLA MEMORIA GLORIOSA

DEGLI OLANDESI

VANDER MEYDEN

PETERS

VAN OPHEM

ZUAVI PONTIFICII

CHE NELL’INVASIONE CHOLERICA

DELL’ANNO MDCCCLXVII

CADDERO VITTIMA D’EROICA CARITA’

ALBANO RICONOSCENTE

The clergy and the soldiers appeared admirable, brave in taking care of the patients and burying the corpses. In particular way the Zouaves were turned into nurses.
The Papal Zouaves were an infantry force formed in order to defend the Papal States.
The Zouaves were convened to rescue the people of southern Latium seriously affected by Cholera. Once in Albano, 42 Zouaves found the country in dramatic situations: in the main square lots of dead bodies,in a state of decomposition, were piled up. They remained unburied because the inhabitants were afraid of contracting the disease.
The next day the Zouaves paved the way for people: they picked up a body and took him to the cemetery. Therefore during the day and all night the Zouaves gave burial to the bodies which were on the village streets.

Moreover the ecclesiastical authorities summoned some doctors, priests and assistance office staff, they also bought drugs and what was available to treat and assist sick people.

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2011.JPG

Doctor who died due to the disease

HIC IACET

JOANNES FARSARELLI

DOMO ROMA

DOCTOR LEGUM CAUSSIDICUS

PATER FAMILIAS INCOMPARABILIS

PIUS INTEGER COMIS

ANNOS NATUS LXXIII D(ies) XV

REPENTINO MORBO CORREPTUS

INTERIIT

XIII KAL(endas) JUL(ias) AN(nos) MDCCCXLVI

UXOR FILIUS NU[RU]S CUM LACRIMIS

P(ousuere) C(coniuncti)

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2012.JPG

ALLA MEMORIA

DI

ANNA MONTIROLI NATA LORI

CHE NELL’ETA’ DI XXXV ANNI INCOMPIVTI

DOPO XV DI NODO CONJVGALE

PER MORDO LVNGO ED ANGOSCIOSO ERA RAPITA

AI SVOI CHE L’AMAVANO

IL GIORNO VI MAGGIO MDCCCLV

GIOVANNI

CONSORTE INCONSOLABILE POSE

Albano%20Cemetery%2C%20Albano%20-%2013.JPG

Nowadays funeral monuments are located along the walls of the cemetery enclosure with some intact headstone or fragments.

  • Photos and main text by Marta Alfano ti.liamtoh|onafla.m#| and Francesco Ojeda Fraschina ti.liamtoh|adejo.ocsecnarf#| (December 2018)

Bibliography

  • Pino Chiarucci, "Il cimitero storico di Albano", published by Comune di Albano Laziale,2004

Related items

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License