Bethlem Royal Hospital

Bethlem Royal Hospital, also known as St Mary Bethlehem or Bethlehem Hospital, is a psychiatric hospital in London.
Founded at Bishopgate in 1247 as the Priory of the Order of St. Mary of Bethlem, the hospital grew from very humble beginnings, since it was catering for only six patients by 1403. It remained physically intact through the dissolution of the monasteries at the time of Henry VIII, and reached its peak of national and international notoriety with the rebuilding of the hospital in 1675 at Moorfield. By the end of the 18th century more than three hundred patients could be hospitalized.
Bethlem Royal Hospital was the first hospital in the UK in which criminals or people with mental illness and disability were secluded away from society. In the 15th century, english people usually referred to the Bethlem Royal Hospital as Bedlam, which became, by definition, a name associated to a place or situation of madness and chaos.


Since 1970, inside the hospital aerea there had been a small museum, the Bethlem Museum of the Mind, that mainly displayed items from the hospital's art collection and exhibitions of contemporary artists.

  • Photos and main text by Leonardo FrascĂ  moc.liamg|acsarfodranoel#| and Francesco Auletta moc.liamg|99.atteluaecnarf#| (December 2018)
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