Corino de Andrade

This page lists items in the database related to the Portuguese physician Corino de Andrade (b. Moura, Alentejo, Portugal, 10 June 1906; d. Porto, Portugal, 16 June 2005):


Corino de Andrade was one of the great figures in Medicine in Portugal in the XXth century due to the fact that was the responsible person for discovering and identifying Paramyloidosis and afterward in 1976 identified another neurological disease named Machado- Joseph. Additionally, in 1975, he was appointed to be a member of the installing committee of the future Instituto de Ciências Abel Salazar (ICBAS), in Oporto, which is still nowadays, one of the best Medical Universities in Portugal.

Professor Doctor Corino de Andrade was born in Moura, in Alentejo, a small town in the interior of Portugal, on June 10th, 1906. Professor Corino de Andrade completed his degree in Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lisbon on 13th November 1929. He made his internship at Hospital Santa Maria, in Lisbon, where he made relevant important contacts for instance with Professor Doutor Egas Moniz, Doctor Almeida Lima, and Professor António Flores. As a result, Corino de Andrade began to become interested in Neurology. The interest developed so much that he decided to specialize in Strasbourg with Professor Barré, one of the greatest figures in the world of Neurology at that time. In the year 1933, Professor Doctor Corino de Andrade was the first person, non-French specialist, to receive the Dejerine Prize for Neurological Sciences.

In the year 1938, more specifically on 14th January 1939, Professor Corino de Andrade signed up a contract with Hospital Geral de Santo António, in Oporto, where he began to work in the neurology service. With this, he began his connection to Oporto which lasted until the end of his life.
While he was working in the neurology service appeared a 37-year-old woman, living in Póvoa de Varzim, with a new disease, not described until then. As a result, Professor Corino de Andrade made an incessant search in order to know exactly what was that disease.

In September 1952, Professor Corino de Andrade finally published his famous scientific article which made him worldwide famous named: “A Peculiar Form of Peripheral Neuropathy (Brain, vol. 75: 3, 48). In this article, Professor Corino de Andrade became the first person to scientifically identify and typify Paramyloidosis after observing fishermen in the Póvoa de Varzim area who did not feel pain when they cut themselves on the ropes of the boats and burned themselves with cigarettes. Póvoa de Varzim is a city in the North of Portugal, around 42 km away from Oporto. It is one of the most important seaside cities in the country and throughout the centuries has a very strong connection to the ocean due to the fishermen who lived and worked there for several years.

Afterward, in October 1975, he was appointed to be a member of the installing committee of the future Instituto de Ciências Abel Salazar (ICBAS), also in Oporto, which is still nowadays, one of the best Medical Universities in Portugal, always among the Top 3.
Until his retirement, in the year 1976, from the Hospital Geral de Santo António, he always continued his research and was responsible for funding the Center for Paramyloidosis Studies, in 1960, which he directed until 1988. Also in the year of 1976, Professor Corino de Andrade identified another neurological disease after a research trip to the Azores: that of Machado- Joseph.

During his lifetime he has received several distinctions, including the Degree of Grand Official of Santiago de Espada (1979), the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (1990), the Grand Prix of Fundação Oriente of Science, and in the year 2000, the One Life and Work Excellence Award from the Glaxo Wellcome Foundation. In 1988, the University of Aveiro, in Portugal, honored his scientific work, granting him the title of Doctor Honoris Causa. Professor Doutor Corino de Andrade passed away in Oporto, on 16th June 2005.

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