Ex Ospedale Sanatoriale Alessandrini-Romualdi

Alessandrini-Romualdi Sanatorium Hospital is located in Teramo (Piazza Italia).

The Sanatorium was inaugurated on the 14th July 1934. Its history though began in 1912, when Filippo Alessandrini with his will gave to the "Congregazione di Carità" one thousand five hundred lire (past Italian currency). On the 2nd September 1919, his wife, Giuditta Romualdi, following the will of her husband, gave all of the family heritage to the "Congregazione di Carità" for the realization of a place to assist and cure the poor infirms affected from tuberculosis in the Province of Teramo. Subsequently, Pasquale Ventili and Enrico Bernardi-Petrini added their donation to the one of the spouse.12

The article about the inauguration

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Filippo Alessandrini's will

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Plaque to the donors

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Front engraving

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On the 26th June 1934 Professor Dario Maestrini, head consultant of the Civil Hospital, became the first medical director of the Sanatorium Hospital.
In this Sanatorium the less fortunate people found comfort and cures. Together with a very qualified team of doctors there were a group of nuns of the "Sacra Famiglia" that helped the patients.3

The doctors Guerino Prosperi (standing) and Stefano Di Tommaso (sitting) in the clinic

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Doctor Prosperi while seeing young patients

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The Sanatorium was built in a specific area. The building was surrounded by a green area with many palm trees and plants of various species. The building was situated on a hill, with views of the agricultural land and of the city. Every room had very big windows, that had a system that ensured continuous fresh air, and that were faced towards the South to capture the purifying action of the the sunshine rays.4

The green area

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The old windows

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The Sanatorium was divided in four areas: a central one for the patients, one for general services (kitchen, laundry, cloakroom and a chapel), one for isolation and a last one for the mortuary.5
There were two wards, one for the men on the first floor and one for the women on the second floor. Men and women were not allowed together, and even the outdoors areas were divided in two sections by a fence.6

The old stairs

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The old doors

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The chapel

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In the first years of the 1950s, with the discovery of antibiotics, an improvement in life expectancy for people with tuberculosis was noticed. Less and less people with tuberculosis were being admitted in the sanatorium, instead the number of patients with lung and respiratory illnesses started to increase. In 1982, the tuberculosis section was closed, and only the geriatrics ward and the infectious diseases ward remained open.7

An old image of the building

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Nowadays a part has been restored and has become a 'Hospice' and an infective diseases ward. The unused part on the other hand, still has the old architecture and people can admire this old architecture of the building.

The old architecture

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Restoration

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The new entrance

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The front

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The new wards

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  • Main text and photos by Beatrice Cardelli and Ludovica Di Curzio (December 2017)

Bibliography

  • Ercole Arduini, giornale "Il Solco, Organo della Federazione dei Fasci di Combattimento", Teramo, 31 agosto 1930
  • Gabriele Di Cesare, L'Ospedale Sanatoriale di Teramo, Notizie dell'economia teramana XXXVI, 1983, Teramo, pp.65 a 68.
  • Marcello Mazzoni, Storia sociale e sanitaria della tubercolosi a Teramo, Notizie dalla Delfico, 2001, Teramo, pp. 32 a 38.
  • Renato Molinari, giornale "Il Solco, Organo della Federazione dei Fasci di Combattimento", Teramo, 21 luglio 1934
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