Mercury vacuum pump

In 1865, after major improvements to Geissler's pump, Hermann Sprengel invented the mercury vacuum pump. This tool made it possible to produce vacuums with less than one hundredth of an atmosphere in cathode ray and X-ray experiments1. A specimen of this apparatus is displayed in Museum Dr. Guislain in Ghent.

"Later adaptations will be added by Auguste Raps, and it is more particularly this last type of pump that Röntgen will use"2.

  • Photo by Luca Borghi ti.supmacinu|ihgrob.l#| (August 2009), courtesy of Museum Dr. Guislain.

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