Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov (b. 13 November 1810, Moscow; d. 23 November 1881, Podolsk province). The Russian surgeon and the anatomist, the scientist and the teacher, the founder of the atlas of topographical anatomy, the founder of military surgery, the founder of anesthesia. In search of an effective method of training, he decided to apply anatomic researches on the frozen corpses. The new medical discipline — topographical anatomy so was born.
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