The military hospital Policlinico militare "Celio" is located in Rome (Piazza Celimontana). The history of this military hospital began when Rome became the capital of the reign of Italy in 1870. At that time in fact Rome was devoid of all the buildings that a big capital city needed, among them a military hospital. With an ordinance of 14 december 1880 was established the construction of a military hospital and a year later was chosen the location: the Mount Celio. The 15th july 1885 there was the laying of the foundation stone and on 20 may 1891 the hospital was completed, at a cost of 4.300.000 lire. In 1952 this hospital was entitled to "Attilio Friggeri" to honor the memory of the Gold Medal of this second lieutenant roman doctor died in command of a division of grenadiers on 3rd june 1942 at Slebic. The hospital complex extends for 53.420 mq with a rectangular shape (300mx400m). Patients are accommodated in eight pavilions with a rectangular plan, with three floors, linked by a cantilever roof, in Art Nouveau style, without coverage. This shelter starts from a large two-storey hemicycle, which can be accessed just past the main entrance, and has a total length of 308 meters and a width of 8 meters. This lightweight metal bridge, the first example in Europe of wall cabinet structure for health purposes, fits harmoniously in the entire complex and has been an elegant and functional solution to the problem of linking together the various pavilions, a solution that met to the typology considered most suitable for functionality and hygiene of the hospitals. It's important to underline also that within the area of the hospital there are the remains of a castra peregrinorum of the age of Romans.
The symbol of the hospital
The main entrance
The original planimetry
Exemples of pavilions
The cantilever roof
The two-storey hemicycle
The dissection room
The cold storage
The military ambulance
The remains of the " castra peregrinorum"
- Photos by Fabio Stefano Maramao (December 2012), courtesy of the Direction of the Policlinico Militare "Celio"
- Locate the item on this Google Map
- Giornale di medicina militare (luglio-settembre 2005)