St.Benedict church

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St.Benedict church is placed in the homonym street (Via San Benedetto) in Salerno and it was part of the Benedectine Monastery. It was linked to The Devils' Bridge, which, according to the popular legend, was built by the alchemist Pietro Barliario.

Since the Benedictines were interested in science and medicine, many historians associate them to the origin of Schola Medica Salernitana1; in fact, Benedictines sent to Salerno their pupils in order to study medicine.2

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The structure of the building is based on the roman model and it is divided into three different naves, separated by two rows of columns and pillars. The frontage is made up of a pronaos with three arches and, on the left, it is possible to see the remains of the ancient steeple. The entrance was originally preceded by a "quadriportico", which was destroyed to make St. Benedict's street.3

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When the latter was closed after the Napoleonic suppressions, in 1845 the church was rebaptized "Santissimo Crocifisso", in order to remember the Crucifix and mourning people representing Jesus, that reclined his head because of repentance of Pietro Barliario.4

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  • Main text and photos by Laura De Rosa ti.orebil|79asored.arual# | and Claudia Tagarelli moc.liamg|89illeragataidualc# | (November 2017)

Bibliography

  • Maria Pasca, La scuola medica salernitana, Cassa del risparmio salernitana, Napoli 1987
  • Salvatore De Renzi, Storia documentata della Scuola Medica Salernitana, Edizioni Ripostes, Napoli 2000
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