This big oil painting by the French artist Pierre-André Brouillet1. is one of the most known in the history of medicine. It represents Jean-Martin Charcot demonstrating in a clinical lecture to his colleagues at the Hôpital de la Salpêtrière that the symptoms of hysteria were as real as those of any organic disease.
The patient is the famous hysterical "Blanche" (Marie) Wittman, who is supported by Joseph Babiński, while supervising nurse Marguerite Bottard (next to Babinski) and the younger nurse Mademoiselle Ecary assist2. Many others famous neurologist and scientists can be recognized in the audience. Among them:Désiré-Magloire Bourneville, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Pierre Marie and Paul Richer (see the explanatory table in Picture N°3).
- Photos by Luca Borghi ti.supmacinu|ihgrob.l#| (July 2014), courtesy of the Museum's direction.
- Locate the item on this Google Map
- Nadine Simon-Dhouailly, La leçon de Charcot. Voyage dans une toile, Musée de l'Assistance Publique, Paris 1986, pp. 115