Vladimir Petrovich Demikhov

This page lists items in the database related to Russian surgeon and organ transplant pioneer Vladimir Petrovich Demikhov (b. Volgograd region, Russia, 18 July 1916; d. Moscow, Russia, 22 June 1998):

In 1934 Vladimir Demikhov entered Physiology Dept at the Biology School of Moscow State University. In 1937, in his third university year, he designed and made an artificial heart, the first in the world, which he transplanted into a dog. In 1940 Demikhov graduated from the University. In 1941-1945 Demikhov served in army field forces as an army coroner. In 1945 Demikhov began working at the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Surgery where he performed unique operations. In 1955 Demikhov took a job with Sechenov 1st Moscow Medical Institute and in 1960 with Sklifosovsky Institute of Emergency Medicine. In 1960 his book “Experimental transplantation of vital organs” was published and became the world’s first transplantology monograph. His main achievements are:

  • 1937 – world's first artificial heart;
  • 1946 – world's first heterotopic heart transplant into the chest;
  • 1946 – world's first heart-lung transplant;
  • 1947 – world's first lung transplant;
  • 1948 – world's first liver transplant;
  • 1951 – world's first orthotopic heart transplant without artificial blood circulation;
  • 1952 – world's first mammary-coronaryanastomosis;
  • 1954 – world's first second dog head transplant (Demikhov created 20 two-headed dogs in the course of his academic career).

Main text by Maria Tutorskaya (November 2016)

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